For me, reading Cox with Horkheimer provides an interesting start on this task. The description of the first category as “problem-solving” or “traditional” points to a theoretical practice where expertise rules, where specialists take up their specific tasks and succeed or fail on the basis of how powerful their explanations are and the impact of their work. Cox and Horkheimer both acknowledge the importance of this approach in terms of method and results. And they both hint at the cost: politically, we might better describe this approach as technocratic theory . The enterprise is to uncover the timeless essences of things and relations and to keep things working by keeping them in their place.
Fiction: Focus on Critical Thinking
A unit for grade 6.
Draft Letters: Improving Student Writing through Critical Thinking
A high school lesson plan from Read-Write-Think in which students write reflective letters to the teacher, identifying their own thoughts on the piece that the teacher is about to read. See also Developing Students' Critical Thinking Skills Through Whole-Class Dialogue, Analyzing Character Development in Three Short Stories about Women and Lights, Camera, Action . . Music: Critiquing Films Using Sight and Sound for other high school critical thinking lesson plans from Read-Write-Think.
Critical Thinking Resources
Critical Thinking Value Rubric
See also Higher-Order Thinking Rubric .
Resources and Downloads for Teaching Critical Thinking
Tools, rubrics and lesson plans from Edutopia.
The Critical Thinking Community
Much information and many resources.
Critical Thinking: A Streamlined Conception
Concise article written by Robert H. Ennis.