All applicants whose native language is not English are required to submit a TOEFL, IELTS or Pearson PTE score report. The TOEFL/IELTS/PTE may be waived for international applicants who hold undergraduate or graduate degrees obtained in the United States, Australia, Canada, New Zealand, Singapore, South Africa, or United Kingdom. The admission committee's evaluation of applicants does not employ strict cutoffs on TOEFL/IELTS/PTE, but a minimum total score of 100 (TOEFL) is required for application consideration. Scores on the TOEFL/IELTS/PTE are valid for MSA Program start dates up to two years after the month in which the exam is taken. Our TOEFL institution code is 6660.
Such experiences make working-class women distrust men in general. They still have babies with men, but they seldom marry them. A whopping 50% of births to American women without college degrees are non-marital, but only 6% of births to college graduates are. Similar trends can be seen in Europe. In Britain 90% of professional couples wait until they are married before having kids, compared with only half of those who earn the minimum wage. Looking at eight European countries, Brienna Perelli-Harris of the University of Southampton and others found that the less educated a mother is, the more likely she is to have a baby outside marriage.