The Department of Mathematics heartily congratulates Provost Chair Professor Toh Kim Chuan on winning the 2017 Farkas Prize of the INFORMS Optimization Society.
Prof. Toh was an (double) alumnus of NUS (, First Class Honours and in Mathematics), and began his academic career as a Senior Tutor in the Department of Mathematics in 1991. The 2017 Farkas Prize was awarded to Prof. Toh for his fundamental contributions to the theory, practice, and application of convex optimization, especially semidefinite programming and conic programming.
There were similar developments in many other continental European universities, and at least until reforms in the early 21st century many European countries (. Belgium, Spain, and the Scandinavian countries) had in all faculties triple degree structures of bachelor (or candidate) − licentiate − doctor as opposed to bachelor − master − doctor; the meaning of the different degrees varied a lot from country to country however. To this day this is also still the case for the pontifical degrees in theology and canon law: for instance, in Sacred theology the degrees are Bachelor of Sacred Theology (STB), Licentiate of Sacred Theology (STL), and Doctor of Sacred Theology (STD), and in Canon law : Bachelor of Canon Law (JCB), Licentiate of Canon Law (JCL), and Doctor of Canon Law (JCD).