The National University of Ireland requires all students wishing to embark on a degree course in the NUI federal system to pass the subject of Irish in the Leaving Certificate or GCE / GCSE examinations.  Exemptions are made from this requirement for students born outside of the Republic of Ireland, those who were born in the Republic but completed primary education outside it, and students diagnosed with dyslexia . NUI Galway is required to appoint people who are competent in the Irish language, as long as they are also competent in all other aspects of the vacancy they are appointed to. This requirement is laid down by the University College Galway Act, 1929 (Section 3). 
Few achievements, Mr. Chancellor, can win for an historian greater glory than goes to him who, through keen psychological insight, sapient perception of causes and effects, and masterly powers of expression, has been able to interpret the very soul of a nation. And this task Professor Brogan has brilliantly accomplished not once but three times. A Scotsman of Irish ancestry, he is the author of a famous book The English People – a work which, though written primarily to explain to Americans a great enigma, may be read with profit by every Englishman; he is universally regarded as one of the greatest authorities on the United States, its people and its institutions, and he possesses a superb knowledge of France and French history past and present.