Comparison research paper sample

The University of Kansas prohibits discrimination on the basis of race, color, ethnicity, religion, sex, national origin, age, ancestry, disability, status as a veteran, sexual orientation, marital status, parental status, gender identity, gender expression, and genetic information in the university’s programs and activities. Retaliation is also prohibited by university policy. The following persons have been designated to handle inquiries regarding the nondiscrimination policies and are the Title IX coordinators for their respective campuses: Executive Director of the Office of Institutional Opportunity & Access, IOA@ , 1246 West Campus Road, Room 153A, Lawrence, KS 66045, 785-864-6414, 711 TTY (for the Lawrence, Edwards, Parsons, Yoder, and Topeka campuses); Director, Equal Opportunity Office, Mail Stop 7004, 4330 Shawnee Mission Parkway, Fairway, KS 66205, 913-588-8011, 711 TTY (for the Wichita, Salina, and Kansas City, Kansas, medical center campuses).

Write accurately

  1. Scientific writing must be accurate. Although writing instructors may tell you not to use the same word twice in a sentence, it's okay for scientific writing, which must be accurate. (A student who tried not to repeat the word "hamster" produced this confusing sentence: "When I put the hamster in a cage with the other animals, the little mammals began to play.")
  2. Make sure you say what you mean.
  3. Instead of: The rats were injected with the drug. (sounds like a syringe was filled with drug and ground-up rats and both were injected together)
    Write: I injected the drug into the rat.

    Running required more energy (P < ) for 1600 m than walking (treadmill: running 481 +/- kJ, walking 340 +/- 14 kJ; track: running 480 +/- 23 kJ, walking 334 +/- 14 kJ) on both the track and treadmill. Predictions using the ACSM or Leger equations for running, and the Pandolf equation for walking, were similar to the actual energy expenditures for running and walking (total error: ACSM: -20 and kJ, respectively; Legers walking: - kJ; Pandolf walking: - kJ). An overestimation (P < ) for 1600 m was found with the McArdle's table for walking and running energy expenditure and with van der Walt's prediction for walking energy expenditure, whereas the Epstein equation underestimated running energy expenditure (P < ).

    Background / Overview :
    When health economic evaluations are conducted in the preparation of pricing and/or reimbursement dossiers, often indirect comparisons of treatment effects are required. Indeed, in health economic evaluations one should compare to the most likely to be replaced, but often direct comparisons are not available. In such situations an indirect comparison can be a solution. For instance, a comparison between A and C is required, but only a comparison between A and B and a comparison between B and C exist. In such a case, techniques for indirect comparison can be applied. These techniques can range from very simple to very complex. Each technique has methodological and validity issues at least to some extent.  No clear guidance currently exists on what is recommended or at least what is not good practice.

    Comparison research paper sample

    comparison research paper sample

    Background / Overview :
    When health economic evaluations are conducted in the preparation of pricing and/or reimbursement dossiers, often indirect comparisons of treatment effects are required. Indeed, in health economic evaluations one should compare to the most likely to be replaced, but often direct comparisons are not available. In such situations an indirect comparison can be a solution. For instance, a comparison between A and C is required, but only a comparison between A and B and a comparison between B and C exist. In such a case, techniques for indirect comparison can be applied. These techniques can range from very simple to very complex. Each technique has methodological and validity issues at least to some extent.  No clear guidance currently exists on what is recommended or at least what is not good practice.

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